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Glossary of Terms
Federal Regulation
Helpful Websites
Policies, Guidelines, and SOPs
For Researchers
For Committee Members


Private, nonprofit organization that promotes the humane treatment of animals in science through voluntary accreditation and assessment programs.


American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. Organization of laboratory animal technicians, veterinarians, and other professionals that serves society through education and the advancement of responsible laboratory animal care and use.


Animal Care (APHIS, USDA). The program within APHIS that is responsible for ensuring compliance with the Animal Welfare Regulations.


American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine. Organization that establishes standards for board certification in the veterinary medical specialty of laboratory animal medicine. Board certified veterinarians are known as ACLAM Diplomates.


Animal Plant Health Inspection Service. Component of the USDA that administers the Animal Welfare Act.


Animal Care Division of APHIS. Administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and enforces the AWA through a system of licensing, registration, and inspections.


Applied Research Ethics National Association


American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners


Agreement between OLAW and a research institution that is required prior to conducting activities involving live vertebrate animals.


Attending Veterinarian, as defined by the AWAR. Also UAV- University Attending Veterinarian.


American Veterinary Medical Association


Animal Welfare Act. Public Law 89-544. Title 7 of the U.S. Code (7 USC) §§2131 et. seq. The law that, in part, is intended to ensure that animals used in research facilities (as defined therein) are provided humane care and treatment.


Animal Welfare Act Regulations. Detailed regulations and standards for implementing AWA, found in Title 9 of the Code of Federal Regulations (9 CFR), Chapter 1, Subchapter A, Parts 1, 2, and 3.


Animal Welfare Information Center. AWIC provides information and publications on many aspects of animal welfare and alternatives to the use of animals.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Agency of the Public Health Service dedicated to protecting health and promoting quality of life through the prevention and control of disease, injury, and disability.


Foundation for Biomedical Research


Food and Drug Administration. Agency of the Public Health Service responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation's food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.


Freedom of Information Act. Statute allowing the public access to certain information on file in Federal agencies.


Good Laboratory Practices Guide Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National Research Council, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1996.


Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: Eighth Edition. Manual of standards for animal care and use developed under the auspices of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the National Academy of Sciences.


Health Research Extension Act of 1985. Public Law 99-158, November 20, 1985. Section 495. Law that directs the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to establish guidelines for the proper care and use of animals used in PHS-supported biomedical and behavioral research.


Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. A committee qualified through the experience and expertise of its members that oversees its institution's animal program, facilities, and procedures.


Institutional Biosafety Committee


International Council for Laboratory Animal Science


Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Component of the National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, responsible for developing and disseminating information on humane care and appropriate use of animals.


Institutional Official, as defined in the AWAR and PHS Policy, "An individual who has the authority to sign the institution's Assurance, making a commitment on behalf of the institution that the requirements of this Policy will be met."


Laboratory Animal Management Association


National Association for Biomedical Research


National Academy of Sciences


National Institutes for Health. Part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and comprised of 27 institutes and centers, it is responsible for carrying out and supporting biomedical and behavioral research.


National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health


National Research Council


National Science Foundation


Office of Animal Care and Use


Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare. NIH office with responsibility for implementation of the PHS Policy.


Occupational Safety and Health Administration


U.S. Public Health Service. Part of the Department of Health and Human Services which includes the NIH, Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among others.

PHS Policy

PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Document that implements the Health Research Extension Act of 1985, and governs activities involving animals conducted or supported by PHS agencies.


Principal Investigator. Primary or lead researcher of a study.


Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research


Research Administration Office (BYU, formerly ORCA)


Scientists Center for Animal Welfare


Standard Operating Procedure. A set of written procedures developed by an institution, often used to define how IACUC or animal facility activities will be performed.


State United for Biomedical Research


Universities Federation for Animal Welfare


U.S. Department of Agriculture. Federal agency responsible for implementation and enforcement of the Animal Welfare Act.

U.S. Government Principles

U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training. The nine principles developed by the U.S. Government are incorporated into the PHS Policy.
  • NIH Office of Animal Laboratory Welfare (OLAW)
    • The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals 8th Ed. (The Guide
    • PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (PHS Policy)
    • Factsheet: What Investigators Need to Know about the Use of Animals 
    • Vertebrate Animal Section (VAS) of NIH applications 
    • Factsheet: Preparing the VAS for NIH proposals
    • OLAW FAQs 
    •  IACUC Guidebook 
  • American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)
  • Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)
  • National Association for Biomedical Research (NABR
  • Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR)
  • USDA Animal Welfare Home Page 
  • Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR
  • Scientist Center for Animal Welfare (SCAW
  • Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R)
  • The North American 2Rs Collaborative (NA3RsC)
  • Americans for Medical Progress (AMP)

Coming in 2021!

Coming in 2021!