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Glossary of Terms


AAALAC

Private, nonprofit organization that promotes the humane treatment of animals in science through voluntary accreditation and assessment programs.

AALAS

American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. Organization of laboratory animal technicians, veterinarians, and other professionals that serves society through education and the advancement of responsible laboratory animal care and use.

AC

Animal Care (APHIS, USDA). The program within APHIS that is responsible for ensuring compliance with the Animal Welfare Regulations.

ACLAM

American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine. Organization that establishes standards for board certification in the veterinary medical specialty of laboratory animal medicine. Board certified veterinarians are known as ACLAM Diplomates.

APHIS

Animal Plant Health Inspection Service. Component of the USDA that administers the Animal Welfare Act.

APHIC/AC

Animal Care Division of APHIS. Administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and enforces the AWA through a system of licensing, registration, and inspections.

ARENA

Applied Research Ethics National Association

ASLAP

American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners

Assurance

Agreement between OLAW and a research institution that is required prior to conducting activities involving live vertebrate animals.

AV

Attending Veterinarian, as defined by the AWAR. Also UAV- University Attending Veterinarian.

AVMA

American Veterinary Medical Association

AWA

Animal Welfare Act. Public Law 89-544. Title 7 of the U.S. Code (7 USC) ยงยง2131 et. seq. The law that, in part, is intended to ensure that animals used in research facilities (as defined therein) are provided humane care and treatment.

AWAR (AWR)

Animal Welfare Act Regulations. Detailed regulations and standards for implementing AWA, found in Title 9 of the Code of Federal Regulations (9 CFR), Chapter 1, Subchapter A, Parts 1, 2, and 3.

AWIC

Animal Welfare Information Center. AWIC provides information and publications on many aspects of animal welfare and alternatives to the use of animals.

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Agency of the Public Health Service dedicated to protecting health and promoting quality of life through the prevention and control of disease, injury, and disability.

FBR

Foundation for Biomedical Research

FDA

Food and Drug Administration. Agency of the Public Health Service responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation's food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.

FOIA

Freedom of Information Act. Statute allowing the public access to certain information on file in Federal agencies.

GLP

Good Laboratory Practices Guide Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, National Research Council, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1996.

Guide

Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: Eighth Edition. Manual of standards for animal care and use developed under the auspices of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the National Academy of Sciences.

HREA

Health Research Extension Act of 1985. Public Law 99-158, November 20, 1985. Section 495. Law that directs the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to establish guidelines for the proper care and use of animals used in PHS-supported biomedical and behavioral research.

IACUC

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. A committee qualified through the experience and expertise of its members that oversees its institution's animal program, facilities, and procedures.

IBC

Institutional Biosafety Committee

ICLAS

International Council for Laboratory Animal Science

ILAR

Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Component of the National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, responsible for developing and disseminating information on humane care and appropriate use of animals.

IO

Institutional Official, as defined in the AWAR and PHS Policy, "An individual who has the authority to sign the institution's Assurance, making a commitment on behalf of the institution that the requirements of this Policy will be met."

LAMA

Laboratory Animal Management Association

NABR

National Association for Biomedical Research

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NIH

National Institutes for Health. Part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and comprised of 27 institutes and centers, it is responsible for carrying out and supporting biomedical and behavioral research.

NIOSH

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health

NRC

National Research Council

NSF

National Science Foundation

OACU

Office of Animal Care and Use

OLAW

Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare. NIH office with responsibility for implementation of the PHS Policy.

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

PHS

U.S. Public Health Service. Part of the Department of Health and Human Services which includes the NIH, Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among others.

PHS Policy

PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Document that implements the Health Research Extension Act of 1985, and governs activities involving animals conducted or supported by PHS agencies.

PI

Principal Investigator. Primary or lead researcher of a study.

PRIM&R

Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research

RAO

Research Administration Office (BYU, formerly ORCA)

SCAW

Scientists Center for Animal Welfare

SOP

Standard Operating Procedure. A set of written procedures developed by an institution, often used to define how IACUC or animal facility activities will be performed.

SUBR

State United for Biomedical Research

UFAW

Universities Federation for Animal Welfare

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Federal agency responsible for implementation and enforcement of the Animal Welfare Act.

U.S. Government Principles

U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training. The nine principles developed by the U.S. Government are incorporated into the PHS Policy.